will artificial intelligence put an end to fraud?

Baptiste Morin, edited by Alexandre Dalifard

A parliamentary report on tax evasion signed by the deputy La France insoumise Charlotte Leduc was presented on Wednesday. He castigates in particular the reduction in the number of tax authorities. However, for certain observers, the question is not that of the number of controllers but rather that of the material means and especially new technologies.

It has been four years now that the tax authorities have relied on artificial intelligence to fight against tax evasion. Massive data collection, international exchanges, detection of undeclared swimming pools, uses have developed over the years. In 2021, artificial intelligence was responsible for nearly one in two checks and had generated 1.2 billion euros in revenue. This was only 9% of the total, but the year-on-year increase was 51%.

Blockchain against tax evasion

For Julien Briot-Hadar, an economist specializing in tax evasion, France must go much further. “What I recommend is the creation of a blockchain, a global digital register accessible to all national tax administrations and listing all financial transactions”, explains the author of In the maze of tax evasion. “And, in my opinion, it is the Swift company that could be a mining company in return for remuneration.”

Artificial intelligence would then detect in this database atypical operations on the “machine learning” system. According to Julien Briot-Hadar, this process would make it possible to get hold of a large part of the 80 to 120 billion euros that tax evasion represents in France according to estimates.