The official launch was scheduled for Monday, August 29, but due to technical complications, NASA decided to reschedule the date.
Artemis 1 it is the first mission of the space program that bears the same name. Here we tell you more details about the process.
The launch of the space mission to the Moon, Artemis 1, was scheduled for Monday, August 29. However, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) postponed the event due to a fuel failure.
But this will not end here, since from the same organization they indicated that the new release date could be between September 2 and 5.
What will the launch be like? What is Artemis I? Why is this space mission important? These are questions that we will answer below.
What is Artemis 1?
July 20, 1969 was recorded in world memory as the year in which the human being first landed on the Moon. This, thanks to the Apollo 11 space mission, which transferred Neil Armstrong and Edwin F. Aldrin to the soil of the great natural satellite.
This was the first flight, of six in total, that would take 12 astronauts to walk on the Moon. The last was the pilot Eugene Cernan, who landed in December 1972.
From that date forward, human beings have not touched the lunar soil again. But that could change in the next few years, thanks to the Artemis space program.
Artemis, or Artemisa in Spanish, is a space program led by the POT whose main objective is to take the first woman and first person of African descent to the Moon. In addition, it will seek to install a permanent base on the natural satellite and use it as a base for future expeditions to the planet Mars.
To do this, the organization plans to launch three missions that will be carried out between 2022 and 2025 – the date on which the arrival of the woman to the moon -.
The three missions of Artemis
The first of the missionss space is Artemis 1which does not contemplate the arrival of the human being on the Moon. Rather, it is a launch that will allow the organization to test the rockets and technologies built so far.
To do this, the launch will take place from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. This Pwill orbit the rocket Space Launch System (SLS), which will contain the Orion spacecraft inside.
In the first instance, the rocket will orbit the earth and then head towards the Moon in a period of time that includes approximately 42 days. The main objectives of Artemis I include the following:
- Demonstrate the Orion systems in a spaceflight environment
- Ensure safe re-entry, descent, splashdown and recovery prior to the first crewed flight
On the other hand, the second mission was christened Artemis II. In it, the SLS rocket and the Orion spacecraft will orbit the Moon but with a crew on it. In this second flight, the aim is not to descend to the natural satellite, only to orbit it.
Finally, the mission number three – or better known as Artemis III – It will be the one that finally takes the crew to set foot on the Moon by the year 2025. To do this, two of the crew will transfer from Orion to the space vehicle star ship and will descend to the south side of the Moon.
Between the objectives that the space program seeks to fulfill are:
- Demonstrate new technologies, capabilities, and business approaches needed for future exploration, including Mars.
- Study the Moon to learn more about the origin and history of the Earth, the Moon, and the solar system.
- Establish American leadership and a strategic presence on the Moon while expanding the global economic impact on the US.
- Expand commercial and international alliances
- Inspire a new generation and foster careers in STEM