agreement of the 27 to cap the wholesale price of gas at 180 euros/MWh

Europe 1 with AFP
modified to

5:53 p.m., December 19, 2022

EU member states on Monday approved a mechanism to cap wholesale gas prices as soon as they exceed 180 euros/MWh for three consecutive days, according to a statement from the European Council. This capping mechanism, adopted by the Twenty-Seven after several weeks of tough discussions, will only be activated at a price level at least 35 euros higher than the average international price of liquefied natural gas (LNG), specifies the communicated.

European energy ministers, meeting in Brussels, “have reached an important agreement which will protect citizens from soaring energy prices, with a realistic and effective mechanism, which includes the necessary guarantees for the security of the supply and stability of financial markets,” said Czech Minister Jozef Sikela, whose country holds the rotating EU presidency.

gas exchange

The Ministers of the Twenty-Seven had already agreed on December 13 on certain terms of the mechanism, which will apply to futures contracts on the gas markets, but they still had to agree on the price where the cap will engage. The European Commission had initially proposed to cap monthly contracts on the TTF reference market once they exceeded 275 euros/MWh for two consecutive weeks, among other conditions – factors never met, even at the height of the price surge. last August.

After tearing each other apart over this proposal, the Member States finally agreed on a much lower threshold, which will have to be reached during a significantly reduced period. The contract for delivery in one month was traded Monday on the TTF around 110 euros/MWh. The TTF, a Dutch platform, is the de facto gas exchange of the EU and its price serves as the benchmark for the bulk of gas transactions on the continent.

What about liquefied natural gas suppliers?

Several States (Spain, Poland, Greece, Italy, etc.) had called for a clear relaxation of the conditions for activating the mechanism. On the contrary, reluctant to any intervention, other States (Germany, the Netherlands, Austria, etc.) demanded drastic “safeguards” to prevent a ceiling from threatening European supplies.

The risk being that the suppliers of liquefied natural gas (LNG) abandon Europe in favor of Asian customers paying for their gas at more attractive prices. To remedy this, the States agreed to activate the cap only with a price higher than the international price of LNG and to provide for automatic deactivation in the event of unforeseen disturbances.

The agreement reached allows the States to formally adopt two other emergency texts intended to cushion the impact of the energy crisis. The first provides for group purchases of gas, in which consortia of companies would participate, in order to obtain better prices together, and a solidarity mechanism automatically ensuring the energy supply of countries threatened with shortages. The second simplifies the authorization procedures for renewable energy infrastructures.